This report shares insights from the first comprehensive set of case studies around how to use the EU taxonomy. Starting in late 2019, over 40 investment managers and asset owners worked to implement the taxonomy on a voluntary basis in anticipation of upcoming European regulation.

| The investors assessed taxonomy alignment before many details of the final regulation are in place, and before widespread corporate reporting against the taxonomy is available. Many challenges remain, not least the availability of data and potential changes to the detailed taxonomy criteria. Nonetheless, the progress made by the group is encouraging. The case studies detailed here demonstrate that the taxonomy framework can be operationalised, and offer important insights for investors beginning their taxonomy preparation.

This report also summarises recommendations from the group to policymakers and supervisors who will oversee the implementation and development of the taxonomy. The PRI hopes that by circulating these findings, this report will foster confidence and facilitate implementation of the taxonomy.


Summary: recommendations to investors

Based on their experience of implementing the taxonomy, we asked investors to offer advice to other financial market participants who will be required to disclose against the taxonomy in the future. This advice is detailed throughout the report, but broadly can be grouped into four steps:

| Establish a framework

  • Ensure adequate resources are set aside and management is aware of this regulatory requirement
  • Integrate the taxonomy into the investment strategy
  • Manage expectations

| Develop a process

  • Start early. Allocate time and expertise for detailed analysis
  • Quantify findings as far as possible
  • Start small. Test one sector/product/region
  • Apply a step-by-step approach
  • Take a bottom-up approach

| Identify challenges

  • Strictly adhere to thresholds wherever possible
  • Carefully consider reliability levels for different sources of data
  • Verify with companies when in doubt
  • Provide context for results

| Find solutions

  • Engage on data
  • Share with partners
  • Work with data providers
  • Support innovation and improvement from data providers
  • Investigate validation and external assurance


Summary: recommendations to policymakers and supervisors

The investors made a series of detailed policy recommendations, which, supplemented by PRI’s own analysis, follow these themes:

| Data

The taxonomy regulation will require corporate disclosure against the taxonomy. While this is recognised by participants as very significant, policymakers should go further to ensure that the right data, at the right level of granularity, and for the right issuers, is available.

| Guidance and supervisory expectations

Investors anticipate a need for significant practical and interpretive guidance for all taxonomy users (investors, corporates and service providers), as well as clear expectations from supervisors.

| Taxonomy development

Investors desire greater clarity on the selection, and exclusion, of some indicators and activities. Consistent with other studies, investors recognise the need to avoid competing international taxonomy frameworks.


| read the full article and download the report here


All opinions expressed are those of the author. is an independent and neutral platform dedicated to generating debate around ESG investing topics.